Son of a bourgeois, married to an aristocrat, best friend of a factory owner, he nevertheless produced the most powerful denunciation of the suffering of workers and the ravages of capitalism. Here is how Karl Marx committed himself throughout his life to defend an idea of freedom.
"Prior to the birth of communist society and the disappearance of private property, among the classes of the new state that emerged from the proletarian revolution, the defeated bourgeois class would have remained.
To avoid any attempt at bourgeois counter-revolution, it was necessary to move immediately to post-revolutionary action, which would have established the dictatorial power of the proletariat.
This was, probably, my most infamous theory, which, although already anticipated years before in the Manifesto of the Communist Party, was, in fact, conceived by Engels and myself years later, in a letter to Joseph Weydemeyer and in my "Critique of the Gotha Programme", in reference to the socio-political situation that would have been established after a hypothetical proletarian revolution.
The unique power of the proletariat, therefore, represented a transitional phase in which political power is held by the workers, who would abolish private property to finally constitute a communist society.
Communism, it truly is a beautiful dream. I dedicated my existence to it; giving birth to an ideology that could guarantee human beings the pursuit of happiness.
Alas, the misuse of this ideology by many world countries in the twentieth century, made me turn over in my grave many times... The real utopia of communism lies in successfully putting all men and women on the same level; how many communist leaders have ended up oppressing their own people, becoming, in turn, the new tyrants?"
Will the 21st century be the century of Marx, the century of the man he was and the questions he asked? The strength of his intuitions and the relevance of his analyses seem to impose themselves more than ever.
To change a system that destroys the human being and nature.
To rethink the free man in his relationship with the living. This is Marx's legacy for the future.
By Cristoforo, author of the tour "Marx. Knowing to be able to fight".